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Looking after my asthma

Puffers

You will need to take some medicine to make you feel better. If you have a bad asthma attack you may be given tablets or syrup to take for a few days, but most asthma medicines are puffers.

Puffers come in different colours and different shapes.

They can look like the letter L, they can look like a rocket, or they can look like a spaceship.

Some of the colours are: blue, red, orange, purple, brown

Relievers

Reliever puffers are blue.
Use your blue puffer when it is hard for you to breathe or if you start coughing and wheezing.
You may need to use this one before sport or exercise.
The blue puffer relaxes the tight muscles around the breathing tubes – this makes it easier to breathe.

Preventers

Preventer puffers are yellow, orange or brown.

You will only need a preventer puffer if your asthma is a problem.
Preventers keep the inside of the breathing tube open, so it is easy for you to breathe. They need to be taken every day, even when you are feeling well.
Preventers can sometimes make the inside of your mouth sore.
It is very important not to have a drink straight after using your preventers but you should clean your teeth or rinse your mouth with water and then spit out.

Skinny Spacers

A spacer is a plastic tube that helps you to use your puffers properly.
You will use a skinny spacer if you are 5 years old or younger.

The puffer fits into one end of the spacer. At the other end is a face mask that goes over your nose and mouth.

The face mask may be a bit scary but it will not hurt you.

You need to breathe in and out 4 to 6 times after each puff.

Football Spacers

A spacer is a plastic tube that helps you to take your puffers properly.

You will use the football spacer if you are 6 years or older.

The puffer fits into one end of the spacer and the other end goes into your mouth. It is important that you keep your lips closed over the mouthpiece.

You may be able to help press the puffer.
You need to breathe in and out 4 to 6 times after each puff.

Turbuhalers

Turbuhalers are puffers that look like rockets.
You need to be about 6 or 7 years old to use a turbuhaler properly.
It is very important that the turbuhaler is standing upright, just like a rocket, when you turn the bottom to get your medicine.
Before you use it, you need to turn the coloured base to the right and then back to the left until you hear a click.
Turbuhalers can fit into your pocket and are good if you need to take a puffer before sports or at school.

Accuhalers

Accuhalers are a type of puffer that look like spaceships.
Accuhalers will not help you during an asthma attack, but are taken every day to help keep your asthma away.
You need to be about 7 years old to use an accuhaler properly.
Before you use it, you need to slide the cover back until you hear a click and then press the lever down until you hear another click.

 

Playing Sport

Exercising or playing sport is very important. It keeps you healthy. But sometimes when you run around a lot or play sport you may begin to cough, wheeze or find it hard to breathe. This could be an asthma attack.
This kind of asthma attack can be helped by: doing warming up exercises before playing sport. Take 1-2 puffs of your blue reliever puffer 5-10 minutes before warming up. doing cooling down exercises after.
If you get an asthma attack while exercising or playing sport, stop exercising and have 1-2 puffs of your blue reliever puffer.
Only start exercising or playing sport again if your asthma attack has finished.

Tell your doctor if you have asthma attacks when exercising or playing sport. They will tell you which is the best medication for you to take.

 

Visiting the Doctor

It is very important to see your doctor often to make sure your asthma treatment is ok.
Don’t forget to use your puffer as long as your doctor says to, even though you feel well. This will help to keep your asthma away so you can play and do all the things that your friends do.

 

 

Kids with asthma can!